This is a song played by a chinese triditional insterment that is called Guzheng. Guzheng is one of the oldest plucked instruments in China. Formed and spread in the Qin Dynasty (today’s Shanxi area), known as the Qin Zheng in history. With the change of history, it has spread to many areas throughout the country. From the literature point of view, Chinese zither art was first mentioned in the biography of History Lisley, which was the first time that the word “Zheng” appeared. It has a history of thousands of years. Guzheng is good at expressing both beautiful lyric tunes and powerful movements. The ancients used vivid poems such as “playing Zheng with vigorous and leisurely sounds, new sounds are wonderful and fascinating”, “sitting at a full feast without saying a word, a line of thirteen sad geese” to depict the artistic realm of Zheng’s performance to make people relaxed.
Zheng, usually called Guzheng. This is related to its ancient historical origin, strong national characteristics, and the simple and elegant taste left by the rich traditional Zheng songs. As early as the Warring States Period in the fourth century BC, Zheng had been popular in Qin, Qi, Zhao and other countries. Among them, Qin State is the most popular, so it is known as “the voice of the true Qin Dynasty” and “Qin Zheng”. In ancient times, Zheng was also known as Yao Zheng, Yin Zheng, Yun Zheng, Su Zheng and so on.1 As for the naming of Zheng, so Guzheng also are known as Zheng.
Zheng originated from the saying . “Zheng, Qin music, is the stream of the Qin Dynasty.” Guser’s fifty strings, from the Yellow Emperor to Su Nu Guser, the Emperor grieved endlessly and broke them, from the latter to the twenty-five strings. Qin people’s drum and rush, brothers contend, and break into two. The name of Zheng began from then on. The Song Dynasty Jiyun contains: “Qin people are poor in righteousness, and father and son compete for each other, so it is named. Twelve strings of a zither cover twenty-five. In the Collection of Music and Taoism, written by the famous court musician Okakawa in the 17th century in Yuanlu, Japan, it is recorded that:”Qin is graceful and unjust. The two women fight to break through, and eventually become two weapons, so the kite. The two men competed and produced “Zheng”, which is just a legend.
Zheng was built or reformed by Meng Tian, a famous general of Qin Dynasty. In 237 B.C. (Ten Years of the First Emperor), Premier Li Si of Qin Dynasty wrote a letter urging Qin Shihuang to retrieve his order of deportation to the Hakkas. There were two remarks about Zheng, namely “playing Zheng Boyi” and “retreating Zheng to take Shaoyu”. Qing Zhu Junsheng’s “Shuowen Tongxun Dingsheng” recorded: “Five strings of Guzheng are applied to Zhuru, while Qin Mengtian’s twelve strings are altered into twelve strings, such as Serge and Yizhu is added after Tang Dynasty. Thirteen strings.” This passage describes Mengtan’s reform of Zheng.
Early Zheng is a five-stringed bamboo Zheng, built with threads. For example, in Eastern Han Dynasty Yingxian’s “Customs and Customs” cloud: “Zheng five strings, build body and serge strings.” Xu Shen of the Eastern Han Dynasty recorded in Shuowen Jiezi (revised and reprinted by Xu Xuxun of the Song Dynasty): “Zheng, drum string, bamboo body music, from bamboo, fighting for voice.” As for the naming of Zheng, it is explained in Liu Xi’s book Shi Ming in the Eastern Han Dynasty that “Zheng, Shi Xian Gao Huo, Zheng Ran.” This means that Zheng is named after the sound of “Zheng” and “Zheng”.